آینده نزدیک

آینده نزدیک

شکل

وقتی درباره آینده نزدیک صحبت میکنیم، میتوانیم از الگویی متشکل از سه جزء استفاده کنیم: فعل to be با زمان حال + about + مصدر فعل اصلی 

Subject + to be + about (or just about) + infinitive
am infinitive to be sick
They are about to arrive
It is just about to explode

فعل to leave در آینده نزدیک

Affirmative

مثبت

Negative

منفی

Interrogative

پرسشی

Negative Interrogative

سوالی منفی

I am about to leave. I am not about to leave. Am I about to leave? Am I not about to leave?
You are about to leave. You are not about to leave. Are you about to leave? Aren’t you about to leave?
He is about to leave. He is not about to leave. Is he about to leave? Isn’t he about to leave?
We are about to leave. We aren’t about to leave. Are we about to leave? Aren’t we about to leave?
They are about to leave. They aren’t about to leave. Are they about to leave? Aren’t they about to leave?
Affirmative

مثبت

I am about to leave.

Negative

منفی

I am not about to leave.

Interrogative

پرسشی

Am I about to leave?

Negative Interrogative

سوالی منفی

Am I not about to leave?

____________________

Affirmative

مثبت

You are about to leave.

Negative

منفی

You are not about to leave.

Interrogative

پرسشی

Are you about to leave?

Negative Interrogative

سوالی منفی

Aren’t you about to leave?

____________________

Affirmative

مثبت

He is about to leave.

Negative

منفی

He is not about to leave.

Interrogative

پرسشی

Is he about to leave?

Negative Interrogative

سوالی منفی

Isn’t he about to leave?

____________________

Affirmative

مثبت

We are about to leave.

Negative

منفی

We aren’t about to leave.

Interrogative

پرسشی

Are we about to leave?

Negative Interrogative

سوالی منفی

Aren’t we about to leave?

____________________

Affirmative

مثبت

They are about to leave.

Negative

منفی

They aren’t about to leave.

Interrogative

پرسشی

Are they about to leave?

Negative Interrogative

سوالی منفی

Aren’t they about to leave?

کاربرد

این الگو به زمانی بلافاصله بعد از زمان گفتگو اشاره دارد و تاکید بر این دارد که اتفاق یا رخداد به زودی انجام خواهد شد. معمولا just را قبل از کلمه about میگذاریم که بر فوریت رخداد تاکید دارد.

مثال:

  • She is about to cry.
  • You are about to see something very unusual.
  • I am about to go to a meeting.
  • We are just about to go inside.
  • Sally is just about to jump off that diving board.

همچنین این الگو میتواند به جای زمان حال با زمان گذشته ساده to be استفاده شود، و اشاره به عملی دارد که قریب الوقوع بوده اما متوقف شده است. معمولا بعد از این الگو عبارتی با کلمه آغازین when به کار میرود.

مثال:

  • She was about to leave when Jim arrived.
  • When it started to rain, I was about to go out for a walk.
  • I was just about to call her when she walked in.
  • The car was just about to flip over when he regained control.

اکادمی پویاروشان - دکتر عطایی

اگر علاقه مند به مطالعه بیشتر در مورد حالت های دیگر زمان آینده هستید، اینجا کلیک کنید

5/5 ( 3 نظر )

2 replies on “آینده نزدیک

  • ستاره

    با سلام و تشکر از مطالب خوبتون. میشه لطفا معنی درست فارسی جملات رو هم به همراه جملات انگلیسی که در مثالها ذکر کردید بنویسید. چون میخوام مطمئن بشم اون چیزی که به فارسی معنی کردم درست بوده یانه.اگر اینجوری بشه خیلی بهتره. با تشکر

    پاسخ

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